Tag Archives: United States

Progress on Nuclear Negotiations with Iran, Rouhani’s UN Diplomacy

In an exclusive interview with Voice of America (VOA), the lead US negotiator Wendy Sherman expressed hope that a nuclear deal with Iran is within reach.  This is after President Hassan Rouhani’s speech at the UN expressing optimism about the nuclear deal.  There is no question that this nuclear deal will significantly change the political environment between Iran and the United States.  It will also have a major impact on sanctions,  as Wendy Sherman stated, “I have to tell you as soon as we suspend our major sanctions – which will happen very early in the agreement – the world will flood into Iran,” she said. “Many international delegations have already been to Iran and so they will begin to see what they can do. It will be important to show that the agreement is durable, that it will last over a period of many years because we have a long history here that we are trying to solve.”   Still,  we cannot ignore the domestic pressures on both Rouhani and Obama.  They have their own enemies in their political systems, and need to walk the trigger points very carefully.

One conspiracy theory held by some in Iran: The U.S. is behind ISIS

“Iranians are as obsessed as Americans these days with the black-clad gangs roaming Iraq and Syria and killing Shiites and other “infidels” in the name of Sunni Islam. At the supermarket, in a shared taxi or at a family gathering, conversations often turn to the mysterious group, the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria, and how it came to be.”  See the FULL ARTICLE HERE

NYT: Saudi has agreed to an American request to provide a base to train moderate Syrian opposition fighter

According to a report in the New York Times,  Saudi Arabia  “has agreed to an American request to provide a base to train moderate Syrian opposition fighters, American officials said on Wednesday.”  It seems that Saudi Arabia is hedging its bets by  trying to keep some contacts with the extremist Sunni groups  while at the same trying to placate American concerns about ISIS.

 

New Book: Diplomatic Games: Sport, Statecraft, and International Relations since 1945

“International sporting events, including the Olympic Games and the FIFA World Cup, have experienced profound growth in popularity and significance since the mid-twentieth century. Sports often facilitate diplomacy, revealing common interests across borders and uniting groups of people who are otherwise divided by history, ethnicity, or politics. In many countries, popular athletes have become diplomatic envoys. Sport is an arena in which international conflict and compromise find expression, yet the impact of sports on foreign relations has not been widely studied by scholars.”  

Diplomatic Games: Sport, Statecraft, and International Relations since 1945

Buy on Amazon

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My Article: Sport Diplomacy with Iran: Breaking Barriers, Bridging Differences

 Huffington Post, September 5, 2014

As diplomats from Iran and the United States work to end decades-long nuclear tensions, sports exchanges between Iran and the United States provide a unique opportunity to dispel stereotypes and prejudices and improve relations between the peoples of the United States and Iran. This can expedite the process of the eventual normalization of relations with Iran.

Sports have a universal language through which people can find a medium to express their affinity and communicate. No one is against sports, and athletes are respected around the world irrespective of their nationality or religion. Moreover, sports exchanges bring administrators, coaches, medical staff, trainers, athletes and diplomats together. They all have to work together to bring the best representation for their teams. It is a collective effort that cultivates cooperation, competition and even friendship. Sports exchanges break down barriers, cultivates shared interest and commonality, and eliminate the sense of “You are different” or “We are different.”

Iran and the United States may have a political cold war between them, but Iranians and Americans share a strong affinity for sports, appreciate vigorous competition, and seem uninfluenced by political trends. Even at the height of tensions between Iran and the United States, teams from both countries engaged each other, demonstrating incredible and unprecedented collegiality.

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For example, U.S.-Iran wrestling federations participated in dozens of competitions in Iran and in the United States since 1998. In July 2008, the national basketball team of Iran held practice sessions in Salt Lake City with NBA players. In May 2013, Iran, Russia and United States held a historic wrestling event in New York’s Grand Central Station. In March 2014, Iran participated in the wrestling World Cup competition in Los Angeles. In all of these visits, American athletes received star and warm treatment in Iran, and the Iranian teams visiting the United States were received warmly by Americans and the large Iranian-American community in the United States.

The best example of this cooperation was the USA Volleyball’s invitation by the Iranian Volleyball Federation to participate in a series of friendship games in Los Angeles, Anaheim, San Diego, and Irvine in August 2014. Organizing four major games in four different cities required resources, time, coordination, and communication with several bodies and agencies, including with the U.S. Department of State for visa facilitation and arrival logistics for the visiting Iranian team. This volleyball diplomacy broke several major barriers between Iran and the United States.

This was the first visit of the Iranian volleyball team to the United States since 1979 revolution, but even more significant, the games were held in Los Angeles area, a location with a large number of anti-Iranian regime organizations and media organizations. In August 1984, the Iranian government boycotted the Summer Olympics in Los Angeles fearing defections of its athletes and negative publicity. In August 2014, the Iranian government correctly calculated that the benefits outweigh the dangers, and allowed the Iranian volleyball team to travel to Los Angeles. For the first time in its history, the Voice of America Persian Service broadcast all the games live into Iran. In another unprecedented development, the Los Angeles City Council issued Proclamations of Friendships for both Iranian and American volleyball teams.

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This is the same council that in February 2013 voted for stronger sanctions against Iran. In 2015, USA Volleyball will hold two world competition games in Tehran, and Iran will do the same in the United States.

The soft power of sport has clearly had a positive impact on US-Iran relations. With sport exchanges we can build lasting bridges with the Iranian people and strengthen people-to-people relations. Any first time American visitor to Iran sees the apparent paradox of how the government expresses anti-American views while a large majority of Iranians are pro-American and do not shy from expressing their positive feelings toward American visitors.

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In the United States, however, most Americans have a negative image of Iran and cannot think of anything positive happening inside Iran. We need to inform Americans about positive changes taking place inside Iran, particularly in Iran’s remarkably vibrant civil society.

Organizing more sporting events in the United States will help change this misleading perception. Since over 60 percent of the Iranian population is under 24 years old, sports exchanges with Iran should also include exchanges with youth clubs and teams. Just like the way visiting American teams in Iran become the only contact with the U.S. for Iranians inside Iran, visiting Iranian teams to the United States are a major contact point with Iran for the large American-Iranian community.

It would not easy to reverse 35 years of a Cold War, even if the world powers sign a nuclear accord with Iran. Although sports exchanges by themselves cannot resolve all of our problems with Iran, with sports diplomacy we can lay the foundation for a lasting relationship between Iran and the United States. As Nelson Mandela put it:

“Sport has the power to change the world. It has the power to inspire. It has the power to unite people in a way that little else does. It speaks to youth in a language they understand. Sport can create hope where once there was only despair.”

New York Times Editorial on Iran

The New York Times has a very interesting editorial on Iran.  In contrast to previous editorials that warned of increasing tensions between Iran and the United States,  this latest editorial reflects the positive changes in the political environment between  Iran and  the United States. Also,  Iranian President Hassan Rouhani made it to the list of Time 100 world leaders.  

Secret meetings, “vanishing adviser”: The Story of Secret meetings between Iranian and American officials in Oman

According to this AP report,  Hillary Clinton’s Deputy Chief of Staff, Jake Sullivan,  was one of the officials involved in secret meetings with Iranians in Oman, the other official was Bill Burns,  a high level State Department official.  For two years ( 2010-2012),  American and Iranian officials met in secret locations to hammer out their differences. All of this happened while the Iranian Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei kept up a public posture of Anti-American statements.